There have been numerous studies carried out that demonstrate either a direct or indirect effect of magnetic fields on the health and / or well-being of humans and animals. Here is just a small selection of the more recent studies.
Electromagnetic fields and magnets
Autoren: David H. Trock
Magazine: Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America, 26; 1 (2000)
The author describes the development of PEMF therapy (pulsed electromagnetic field) through a last-ditch attempt to save the leg of a one-year-old child before amputation. PEMF therapy therefore became a standard treatment for non-healing bone fractures with the approval by the FDA in 1979.
The development of magnet therapy from alternative to traditional medicine
Autoren: Carlos Valibona, Todd Richards
Magazine: Physical Medicin and Rehabilitation Clinic of North America, 10; 3(1999)
The author appraises the status of magnetic field therapy based on studies which meet the requirements of medical science. As a quality criterion, he accepts only studies that have been included in Medilno. This medical database, which is the largest in the world, is based in the USA. It documents only studies that have been published in journals with peer review.
Pain-relieving properties of electromagnetic fields in patients with chronic pelvic pain
Autoren: G. Varcaccio-Garofalo, C. Carriero, M. R. Loizzo, S. Amoruso, P. Loizzi
Magazine: Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol, 22 (4):350-4 (1995)
The analysis of the data indicates that the positive effect of the magnetic field was independent of the women's psycho-social situation. In contrast, the freedom from pain resolved or improved additional problems such as anxiety states, somatisation of the pain and dyspareunia.
Electrochemical treatment of pelvic pain: effects of pulsing electromagnetic fields (PEMF)
on connective tissue injuries
Autoren: W. A. Jorgensen, B. M. Frome, Ch. Wallach
Magazine: Eur J Surg Suppl 574:83-86 (1994)
18 out of 20 episodes of gynaecological pelvic pain (89.5%) were successfully treated in an unusually short time (15-30 m) through the brief application of electromagnetic impulses at high amplitude and very low average intensity in a non-thermal range.
Initial investigation of pulsed electromagnetic fields in the treatment of migraine
Autoren: Richard A. Sherman, Linda Robson, Linda A. Marden
Magazine: Headache, 38; 208-213 (1998)
Various double-blind studies have demonstrated that an increased in peripheral perfusion reduced the frequency of migraine attacks. This can be achieved in some patients through bio-feedback methods if they learn the technique.
Pulsed electromagnetic fields for the treatment of bone fractures
Autoren: A. Sattar Syed, M. S. Islam, K. S. Rabbani, M. S. Talukder
Magazine: Bangladesh Med. Res. Counc. Bull. 25; (1), 6-10 (1999)
Out of the 19 patients originally treated, data was only available at the end of the study for 13, since the others had prematurely left the hospital due to successful healing.
Therapy with pulsed electromagnetic fields in aseptic loosening of total hip endoprostheses: a prospective study
Autoren: K. Konrad, K. Sevcic, K. Földes, F. Piroska, E. Molnár
Magazine: Clinical Rheumatology, 15; No. 4, 325-328 (1996)
The resolution of pain and improved mobility demonstrate that PEMF is an effective method for alleviating the symptoms of patients with hip endoprothesis loosening.
Conservative treatment of femoral head necrosis
Autoren: Roy K. Aaron, Dennis Lennox, Gail E. Bunce and Thea Ebert
Magazine: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 62 (249) : 209-18, Dec (1989)
The frequency of clinically and radiologically documented progression of osteonecrosis of the femoral head was reduced in this study both as a result of relief and through the use of PEMF, compared to the assumed natural progression in patients treated conservatively of a period of 2-3 years. The clinical result from PEMF treatment was better than that achieved by decompression, especially in hips with Ficat II lesions.
Pulsed electromagnetic therapy with low energy and high frequency for acute whiplash injury
Autoren: Darragh Foley-Nolan, Kieran Moore, Mary Codd, Ciaran Barry, Peter O'Connor and Robert J. Coughlan
Magazine: Scand J Rehab Med 24:51-59 (1992)
The results of this and earlier studies invite the assumption that PEMF at low energy and high frequency, when used daily for 8 hours, is an effective method for treating acute and persistent neck pain.
The effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee and cervical spine
Autoren: David H. Trock, Alfred Jay Bollet and Richard Markoll
Magazine: Journal of Rheumatology, 21; 1903-11 (1994)
In this double-blind study, a significant placebo effect was observed which is typical for new forms of treatment. In contrast to pain therapy with medications, the effect of PEMF still lasts 4 weeks after treatment ends.
Double-blind study on the clinical effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on osteoarthritis
Autoren: David H. Trock, Alfred Jay Bollet, Richard H. Dyer, Jr., L. Peter Fielding, W. Kenneth Miner and Richard Markoll
Magazine: The Journal of Rheumatology, 20:456-60,1993
The reduction in pain and improved joint function indicate that pulsed electromagnetic fields are able to achieve an improvement in the symptoms of patients with osteoarthritis.
Therapeutic effects of pulsed magnetic fields in joint diseases
Autoren: E. Riva Sanseverino, A. Vannini and P. Castellacci
Magazine: Panminerva Med, 34:187-96 (1992)
In this study, we investigated the affected joints of some patients with thermographic methods and discovered vasodilatation shortly after PEMF use. Warnke et al. described a similar observation, having measured an increase in hand temperature following treatment with a 30 Gauss (20 Hz) PEMF.
Sleep-inducing effect of low-energy emission therapy
Autoren: M. Reite, L. Higgs, J.-P. Lebet, A. Barbault, C. Rossel, N. Kuster, U. Dafni, D. Amato and B. Pasche
Magazine: Bioelectromagnetics; 15:67-75 (1994)
These varying results indicate that the activity of the human brain can be changed by extremely low (amplitude-modulated) electromagnetic fields.
Relationship of the coil - cortex distance to age, motor threshold and anti-depressive effect of
repeated trans-cranial magnet stimulation
Autoren: F. Andrew Kozel, Ziad Nahas, Cart de Brux, Monica Molloy, Jeffrey P. Lorberbaum, Daryl Bohning, S. Craig Risch, Mark S. George
Magazine: J Neuropsychiatry Gun Neurosci 12:3; 376-384 (2000)
Despite the significant limitations of this study, the data provides fascinating results that demand further investigation involving the combination of imaging methods with repetitive trans-cranial magnet stimulation.
Double-blind study on the effect of a pulsed magnetic field on multiple sclerosis
Autoren: T. L. Richards, M. S. Lappin, J. Acosta-Urquidi, G. H. Kraft, A. C. Heide, F. W. Lawrie, T. E. Merrill, G. B. Melton and C. A. Cunningham
Magazine: The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine Vol. 3, No 1, 21-29 (1997)
With this placebo-controlled double-blind study, we were able to demonstrate a statistically significant effect of PEMF treatment (Anermed magnetic pulse device) on the patient's performance and on the extent of alpha EEGs during a language task.
Effect of electrical and electromagnetic stimulation following reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament
Autoren: Dean P. Currier, J. Michael Ray, John Nyland, James G. Roonly, J. Tim Noteboom, Robert Kellog
Magazine: JOSPT, 17; 4, Apr (1993)
The circumference of the thigh reduced slightly in the NMES / PEMF group, presumably because the stimulation was 50 seconds shorter (10 sec. of contraction duration instead of 15), whereas in the NMES group it remained virtually constant.
Update on extracorporeal magnet therapy for stress incontinence
Autoren: Niall 1. M. Galloway, El-Galley, Peter K. Sand, Rodney A. Appell, H. W. Russell und S. J. Carlin
Magazine: Urology 56, SuppL 6A: 82-86 (2000)
Pulsed magnetic fields generate weak eddy currents in the tissue. Nerve tissue responds particularly sensitively to these eddy currents. The key to the effectiveness of Exmi (PEMF) is the depolarisation of nerve fibres. This depolarisation takes place both in the sensory afferent nerve fibres and in the autonomic fibres, which regulate local circulation and other factors.
A study on the effects of treatment with a pulsed electromagnetic field in rheumatoid arthritis with
reference to serological grouping
Autoren: K. S. Ganguly, A. K. Sarkar, A. K. Datta, A. Rakshit
Magazine: J Indian Med. Assoc. 96 (9); 272-5 (1998)
PEMF works by improving the vascular circulation, removing lactic acid etc. and increasing the partial oxygen pressure, as well as by increasing the ATP content of tissue, thereby eliminating the factors that are responsible for prolonging pain and swelling.
The effect of a pulsed magnetic field on patients with endocrine ophthalmopathy
Autoren: J. Jankauskiene, A. Paunksnis, A. Bluziene, J. Saulgozis
Magazine: European Journal of Ophthalmology Vol. 8, No 4, 253-257 (1998)
Following treatment with PEMF, 64.2% of patients had an improvement in the conjunctival parameter and in 14.3% of patients the signs of inflammation disappeared completely.
Pulsed magnetic fields improve the activity of osteoblasts during the regeneration of an experimental bony defect
Autoren: V. Cane, P. Botti and S. Soana
Magazine: Journal of Orthopaedic Research; 11:664-670 (1993)
These provisional results confirm that PEMF at low frequencies not only stimulates bone healing, but also appears to improve the osseous phase of the healing process, at least under our experimental conditions.
Energy therapies are also called biofield therapies. They are based on the belief that there are energy fields that flow through and around your body. When energy is flowing freely through your body, you have good emotional, physical and spiritual health. When you are ill, the energy flow is blocked.
The most common types of energy therapy are:
- Reiki has the most spiritual focus of all of the energy therapies. Reiki practitioners believe that channelling spiritual energy through their hands can help in healing.
- Therapeutic touch practitioners move their hands just above the body to find the blockages, remove the harmful energy and replace it with their own healthy energy.
- Healing touch uses gentle touch on the body to help it heal its own energy fields.
- Magnetic healing therapy uses magnets placed on different parts of the body. Practitioners believe these magnets help unblock the energy flow around the body.
In an energy therapy session, you are fully clothed. You may sit or lie down on a massage table or bed. An energy therapist uses gentle pressure or places hands in or through your energy fields to change, move or unblock the energy flow in your body. Sometimes they touch you or they may move their hands just above your body. Most sessions are 45–60 minutes long.
Energy therapy as a complementary therapy
There is no evidence at this time that energy therapies can treat cancer itself. They have mainly been used to try to ease symptoms of cancer or side effects of treatment such as anxiety, fatigue, pain, nausea or vomiting. Some studies show that people feel that energy therapy treatment improves their quality of life. Many people say that they feel very relaxed, calm and peaceful after an energy therapy session.
Some studies suggest that energy therapies work because the person experiences the focused and caring presence of the practitioner, rather than a change in energy flow. More research is needed to understand the role of energy therapies as a complementary therapy.
Aromatherapy is the practice of using highly concentrated essential oils to change your mood or to improve your health. The use of essential oils for bathing, cosmetic and medicinal purposes goes back thousands of years in different cultures.
Essential oils are usually distilled from whole plants. They are often very fragrant. It’s thought that aromatherapy works through the scent receptors in your nose, which send messages to your brain and can affect your heart rate, blood pressure and breathing.
Essential oils can be used in different ways. They are often rubbed on the skin in weaker strengths using a base or carrier oil. Drops of essential oils can also be put into bath water. They can be inhaled through the air if the oil is put into steaming water, diffusers or a humidifier.
Aromatherapy is often used along with massage. The essential oil is an ingredient of the oil or lotion used by the massage therapist.
There are many different types of essential oils available. Essential oils for aromatherapy should be as pure as possible, without any added chemicals or pollutants. Examples of common essential oils are rose, peppermint, lavender, eucalyptus, chamomile, tea tree and bergamot (which is a combination of different essential oils).
Aromatherapy as a complementary therapy
There is no evidence at this time that aromatherapy can treat cancer itself. There is some evidence that the essential oils used in aromatherapy may help you cope with some of the emotional and psychological effects of living with cancer.
Aromatherapy may help lower stress and anxiety by promoting a sense of calm or well-being. It has been used to help promote relaxation and improve sleep. Some studies have shown that aromatherapy, when used with massage therapy, can help relieve depression for short periods of time.
We need more research to be sure, but a small amount of evidence shows that aromatherapy can ease pain and help relieve nausea caused by chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Biofeedback is a type of mind-body therapy. It uses a simple machine to measure body functions that we aren’t normally aware of, such as heart rate, blood pressure, temperature, sweating and tightness in our muscles. You then learn how to use your mind to control these body functions without using the biofeedback machine.
In a biofeedback session, electrodes (small circles of metal, cloth or plastic) are attached to your skin to measure different body functions. This doesn’t hurt. The electrodes have wires that send information to a machine. The machine displays the level of the body function it is measuring and gives you feedback right away on your body’s functions. The machine may use flashing lights, an image or a sound to represent your body function.
A biofeedback therapist shows you how to work the machines. The therapist also teaches you relaxation strategies like deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation (tightening and then relaxing different muscle groups), guided imagery or mindfulness meditation. You learn to use these strategies to change your body’s responses, and the biofeedback machines give instant feedback on whether it’s working.
Types of biofeedback
Electromyography (EMG) biofeedback measures the tension in your muscles. Knowing about the tension in your muscles, and where it is, can help you learn to relax them.
Temperature, or thermal, biofeedback measures your skin temperature. When we are scared or anxious, our skin temperature is cool. When we are relaxed and happy, our skin temperature is warmer.
Galvanic skin response,or electrodermal response,biofeedback measures how damp or wet your skin is. Skin is normally dry when you are relaxed. But when you are anxious, your sweat glands are more active and there is more sweat on your skin.
Heart rate biofeedback measures how fast your heart is beating. When you are worried or anxious, your heart beats faster, and you have higher blood pressure.
Most biofeedback sessions last between 30 and 60 minutes. How many sessions you need depends on how quickly you learn to control your body’s responses. Biofeedback can be expensive if you need many sessions to master the techniques. It may not be covered by public or private healthcare.
You may need to be followed closely if you start using this therapy at home. Talk to your biofeedback therapist before you buy your own biofeedback equipment. Some battery-operated biofeedback machines sold for home use may not be reliable or give you the same results as professional machines.
Biofeedback as a complementary therapy
There is no evidence at this time that biofeedback can treat cancer itself. One of the most common uses of biofeedback is to help someone cope with anxiety and reduce stress. Studies have shown that biofeedback can teach people to be more aware of, and in better control of, their body’s responses when they are anxious.
Research has shown that biofeedback can also be helpful if you are trying to regain urinary and bowel function (continence) after cancer surgery. It can help your muscle-strengthening exercises work better.
Biofeedback is also useful in retraining muscles after injury. It can also help in teaching muscles to take over for other muscles that no longer work as they used to.